Saint NameMichael, the Archangel : S00181
Saint Name in SourceΜιχαήλ
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Inscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements
Evidence not before450
Evidence not after650
Activity not before450
Activity not after650
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcDionysopolis (Phrygia)
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Dionysopolis (Phrygia)
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesEcclesiastics – unspecified
Merchants and artisans
SourceA limestone cylindrical block, found at Kabalar near Dionysopolis (Phrygia, central Asia Minor), which was said to have been brought from ruins near Sazak. H. 2.23 m; diameter 0.35 m. It presumably served as a column in a church dedicated to Michael the Archangel.
DiscussionThe invocation was written on behalf of 'those who labour' (ἐργαζόμενοι). The verb ἐγράζομαι is often used to denote building works. Therefore, one can interpret the inscription as a request for help for workers who built the sanctuary. In the Christian context, ἐγράζομαι can mean, however, 'to perform holy rites', see, for instance, the First Epistle to the Corinthians 9:13: οὐκ οἴδατε ὅτι οἱ τὰ ἱερὰ ἐργαζόμενοι τὰ ἐκ τοῦ ἱεροῦ ἐσθίουσιν, οἱ τῷ θυσιαστηρίῳ παρεδρεύοντες τῷ θυσιαστηρίῳ συμμερίζονται;/'Do ye not know that they which minister about holy things live of the things of the temple?' Thus the inscription may alternatively be interpreted as an invocation on behalf of the clergy (or perhaps even all the Christians) of that sanctuary.
Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua IV, no. 307.
Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1084: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/1084
Halkin, F., "Inscriptions grecques relatives à l'hagiographie, IX, Asie Mineure", Analecta Bollandiana 71 (1953), 330.