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E00909: Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a church of a certain saint *Sisinnios, and of an institution named after a saint, whose name is unreadable. Found at Dorylaion (Phrygia, west central Asia Minor). Probably 6th c.

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posted on 29.11.2015, 00:00 by Bryan
.Η̣ΛΕΟ[..]
[ὅ]̣ρος ̣τ̣οῦ ̣ἁ̣[γ]-
̣ήου Σηση[ν]-
ήου κὲ τ[ο]-
ῦ ΜΕΣΑ..
ἁγήου...

'ELEO[- - - b]oundary (of the church) of S[ai]nt Sisi[nn]ios and MESA[- -] of Saint [- - -]'

Text: MAMA V, no. 55.

History

Evidence ID

E00909

Saint Name

Sisinnios (unspecified) : S00608 Saints, name wholly or largely lost : S01744 Anaunian Martyrs (Sisinnius, Martyrius, Alexander), ob. c. 397 : S00605

Saint Name in Source

Σησή[ν]ηος Σησή[ν]ηος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

500

Evidence not after

600

Activity not before

500

Activity not after

600

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Dorylaion

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Dorylaion Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Awarding privileges to cult centres

Source

A white marble stele with yellow and grey streaks, used as a boundary stone. H. 0.87 m; max. W. 0.43 m; Th. 0.11 m. The middle section of the stele is narrower: W. 0.35 m; Th. 0.10 m. Found at Eskişehir, ancient Dorylaion (Phrygia, central Asia Minor).

Discussion

The inscription indicated the boundaries of a property belonging to a church dedicated to Sisinnios. The name was bore by a Cappadocian Christian perhaps of Persian origin, martyred in c. 397 in Italy, near Sanzeno, together with two companions: *Martyrios and *Alexander (that constitute the group of the so-called *Anaunian martyrs), by pagan peasants they tried to convert at the command of Vigilius, bishop of Trent. Their remains were sent by Vigilius to Simplicianus, bishop of Milan, and to John Chrysostom, bishop of Constantinople (see E01086), together with letters describing their martyrdom. A certain *Sisinnios was also believed to have been a powerful protector against evil powers. He was often depicted on horseback, and his name was put on Greek charms, phylakteria. There is little evidence of the veneration of western martyrs in Asia Minor, it is therefore unlikely that the saint mentioned here was the Sisinnios martyred in northern Italy. For the cult of Sisinnios (one of the Anaunian martyrs), see: Pizzolato 2002; Quacquarelli & Rogger 1985; Cagni & Sironi 1984; Harris 1906, pp. 82-86. For the two letters by Vigilius: To Simplicianus, bishop of Milan and To John Chrysostom, bishop of Constantinople, see: Pizzolato 2002, pp. 141-214; Menestò 1985, pp. 151-170 (the editions in AASS, 29 V and PL 13, coll. 549-558 contain corrupted versions of the texts). Lines 4-6 contain a reference to another church or charitable institution named after a male saint, but his name is not preserved. Though this inscription does not say so explicitly, boundary stones were usually bestowed upon sanctuaries by emperors. Dating: 6th c. (?) Based on other boundary stones, authorised by 6th c. emperors.

Bibliography

Edition: MAMA V, no. 55. Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1397: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/1397 Further reading: Acta Sanctorum, 29 V (for the Acts of the Martyrdom of the Aunanian Martyrs). Cagni, G., Sironi, E., “Contributo alla tradizione del testo delle lettre di S. Vigilio di Trento”, Studi Barnabiti 1 (1984), 209-226. Harris, J.R., The Cult of the Heavenly Twins (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1906), 82-86. Destephen, S., "Martyrs locaux et cultes civiques en Asie Mineure", in: J.C. Caillet, S. Destephen, B. Dumézil, H. Inglebert, Des dieux civiques aux saints patrons (IVe-VIIe siècle) (Paris: éditions A. & J. Picard, 2015), 92. Haspels, E.C., The Highlands of Phrygia (Princeton : Princeton University Press, 1971), 211, note 36. Halkin, F., “Inscriptions grecques relatives à l'hagiographie, IX, Asie Mineure”, Analecta Bollandiana 71 (1953), 326. Menestò, E., "Le lettre di S. Vigilio", in: I martiri della Val di non e la relazione pagana alle fine del IV secolo, ed. A. Quacquarelli and I. Rogger (Bologna: EDB, 1985), 151-170. Pizzolato, L.F., Studi su Vigilio di Trento (Milano: Vita e Pensiero, 2002). Vigilius of Trent, Letter to Simplicianus, bishop of Milan and Letter to John Chryzostom, bishop of Constantinople (PL 13, coll. 549-558). Reference works: Bulletin épigraphique (1938), 457.

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