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E00900: Greek invocation of an unnamed *Archangel, on a slab with a low relief carving of a crown with a cross within it. Found at Traianopolis (Phrygia, west central Asia Minor). Probably late antique.

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posted on 26.11.2015, 00:00 by pnowakowski
ἀρχάγγελε, βοήθει
τῷ δούλῳ σου

'O Archangel, help your servant!'

Text: Ramsay 1897, 558, no. 442.

History

Evidence ID

E00900

Saint Name

Archangels (unspecified) : S00191

Saint Name in Source

ἀρχάγγελος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.) Images and objects - Sculpture/reliefs

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

450

Evidence not after

650

Activity not before

450

Activity not after

650

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Traianopolis

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Traianopolis Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Other lay individuals/ people

Source

A slab, when recorded, kept in an Armenian church. It bears a low relief carving of a crown with a cross within it. Around the crown runs a text referring to the First Epistle to the Corinthians 1:24 and Psalm 56:11: 'Christ, the power of God and the Wisdom of God, the Lord, is my help, and I will not be afraid what man can do unto me'/+ Χριστὸς θεοῦ δύναμις καὶ θεοῦ σοφία, Κύριος, ἐμοὶ βοηθός, καὶ οὐ φοβήσομαι τί ποιήσει μοι ἄνθρωπος. An invocation of an archangel is inscribed on the cross.

Discussion

The inscription records an invocation of an unnamed Archangel, certainly by an educated person (as the spelling is correct and the invocation is accompanied by quotations from the scriptures). This kind of invocation is not precisely datable but, inscriptions mentioning 'servants of saints' are characteristic of late 5th and later centuries.

Bibliography

Edition: Felle, A.E., Biblia epigraphica. La sacra scrittura nella documentazione epigrafica dell'«Orbis christianus antiquus» (III-VIII secolo) (Bari: Edipuglia, 2006), no. 496. Leclercq, H., "Phrygie", Dictionnaire d'archéologie chrétienne et liturgie, vol. 14/1 (Paris: Librarie Letouzey et Ané, 1939), 797, no. 30B. Ramsay, W.M., Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia, vol. 1, part 2: West and West-Central Phrygia (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1897), 558, no. 442. LBW, no. 728. Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum, no. 8909. Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1619: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/1619 Further reading: Cumont, F., "Les inscriptions chretiennes de 1'Asie Mineure", Mélanges de l'école française de Rome 15 (1895), no. 174. Halkin, F., "Inscriptions grecques relatives à l'hagiographie, IX, Asie Mineure", Analecta Bollandiana 71 (1953), 328.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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