Saint NameArchangels (unspecified) : S00191
Saint Name in Sourceἀρχάγγελος
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Images and objects - Sculpture/reliefs
Evidence not before450
Evidence not after650
Activity not before450
Activity not after650
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcTraianopolis
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Traianopolis
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceA slab, when recorded, kept in an Armenian church. It bears a low relief carving of a crown with a cross within it. Around the crown runs a text referring to the First Epistle to the Corinthians 1:24 and Psalm 56:11: 'Christ, the power of God and the Wisdom of God, the Lord, is my help, and I will not be afraid what man can do unto me'/+ Χριστὸς θεοῦ δύναμις καὶ θεοῦ σοφία, Κύριος, ἐμοὶ βοηθός, καὶ οὐ φοβήσομαι τί ποιήσει μοι ἄνθρωπος. An invocation of an archangel is inscribed on the cross.
DiscussionThe inscription records an invocation of an unnamed Archangel, certainly by an educated person (as the spelling is correct and the invocation is accompanied by quotations from the scriptures). This kind of invocation is not precisely datable but, inscriptions mentioning 'servants of saints' are characteristic of late 5th and later centuries.
Felle, A.E., Biblia epigraphica. La sacra scrittura nella documentazione epigrafica dell'«Orbis christianus antiquus» (III-VIII secolo) (Bari: Edipuglia, 2006), no. 496.
Leclercq, H., "Phrygie", Dictionnaire d'archéologie chrétienne et liturgie, vol. 14/1 (Paris: Librarie Letouzey et Ané, 1939), 797, no. 30B.
Ramsay, W.M., Cities and Bishoprics of Phrygia, vol. 1, part 2: West and West-Central Phrygia (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1897), 558, no. 442.
LBW, no. 728.
Corpus Inscriptionum Graecarum, no. 8909.
Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1619: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/1619
Cumont, F., "Les inscriptions chretiennes de 1'Asie Mineure", Mélanges de l'école française de Rome 15 (1895), no. 174.
Halkin, F., "Inscriptions grecques relatives à l'hagiographie, IX, Asie Mineure", Analecta Bollandiana 71 (1953), 328.