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E00877: Four boundary stones, with Greek inscriptions, of a church of *Po(- - -), an unidentified saint, found in the proximity of Appia (Phrygia, west central Asia Minor). Probably late antique (5th-7th c.).

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posted on 23.11.2015, 00:00 by Bryan
Stone 1:

Found at Sevdiğin. Text: Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1162; MAMA X, no. 17. Unshaped piece of greyish marble with rough edges. Partially buried. H. 1.04 m (visible); W. 0.87 m (preserved), Th. c. 0.32 m.; letter height 0.035-0.11 m (front); 0.03-0.13 m (back).

Face A:

+ νότου
ὅρο(ς) τοῦ Ῥεκ̣τ(- - - ?)
ἁγί-
ου Π(- - - ?)

Face B:

βορᾶ ὅρο(ς).
χω(ρίων) τ<ο>ῦ Ἀντ(- - - ?)

B. χω = χω(ρίων) or Χ(ρίστ)ε MAMA

'+ The south boundary of Rekt(- - - ?) of Saint P(- - - ?) // The north boundary of the village (?) of Ant(- - - ?).'

Stone 2:

Found at Karaağaç. Text: Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1165; MAMA X, no. 24. An irregularly carved and weathered pillar, found next to a road entering the village; reused in a tomb. Partially buried. H. 0.51 m; diameter 0.34 m; letter height 0.035-0.07 m.

Field A:

+ ἀνα(τολῶν?) ὅρο(ς)
̣χω(ρίων) Ἀ(ντ - - -) ΟΙ
ΘΣΛΠΛΟΥ

Field B:

+ ὅρο(ς) τοῦ Ῥεκ[τ(- - -)]
ἁγίου Πο[- - -]

'The east boundary of the village of A(nt- - -?) // + The boundary of Rekt(- - - ?) of Saint Po[- - - ?].'

Stone 3:

Found at Alibey Köy. Text: Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1180; MAMA X, no. 109. Grey marble slab; top right and bottom edges are broken. Partially buried. H. 1.2 m; W. 0.45 m; Th. 0.08 m (visible), letter height 0.02-0.115 m.

+ δύσιο(ς) ὅρο(ς)
τοῦ Ῥεκτ(- - -) ἁγίου Π(- - -)

'The west boundary of Rekt(- - -) of Saint P(- - -).'

Stone 4:

Under no. 25 the editors of the tenth volume of Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua (= Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 1166) publish a picture (without transcription) of yet another boundary stone from Karaağaç (round, made of greyish marble, broken in half; H. 0.4 m; diameter 0.58 m; letter height 0.03-0.06 m). Letters, carved on its face, resemble that of other boundary stones from this area. Face A: ΙΡΟ | Τ | ΟΥ Π. Face B: Τ[- - -] | ΑΝΑΠ(Ο[- - -] | ΑΓΡΙΟ [- - -].

History

Evidence ID

E00877

Saint Name

Po(- - -), an unidentified saint, venerated in Anatolia : S00603 Polyeuktos, soldier and martyr of Melitene, ob. 250/260 : S00325 Polycarp, bishop and martyr, and other martyrs in Smyrna, ob. 2nd c. : S00004

Saint Name in Source

Πο(- - -) Πο(- - -) Πο(- - -)

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

500

Evidence not after

700

Activity not before

500

Activity not after

700

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Appia

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Appia Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Awarding privileges to cult centres

Discussion

The editors of the tenth volume of Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua suppose that these signs marked the boundaries of church estates belonging to a sanctuary of St. Po(- - -), an unidentified saint. There is no certain way to date these stones, but they are probably late antique.

Bibliography

Edition: Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua X, no. 17, 24, 25, 109. Reference works: Chroniques d'épigraphie byzantine, 362. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 43, 934.

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