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E00848: Rock-cut Greek building inscription for a road named after a female saint whose name is lost, constructed probably as a vow for the salvation of the donor's children. Found on Karacaören Island near Ölüdeniz (Lycia, south-west Asia Minor). Probably late antique (5th-6th c.).

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posted on 09.11.2015, 00:00 by Bryan
[traces of letters]
ἐποίησεν τὴν ὁδὸ-
ν τῆς ἁγίας Εὐ[...-]
είας [...]π[.]ντο[...]
τõν τέκνον αὐτοῦ
Παύλου καὶ Θεοδόρ(ου)

5-6. [ὑπὲρ] | τõν τέκνον αὐτοῦ Pleket

'[traces of letters] built the road of Saint Eu[- - -]eia [- - - as a vow for the salvation (?)] of his children, Paulos and Theodoros.'

Text: Masuda 1995, 124-126 with comments in SEG 48, 1735.

History

Evidence ID

E00848

Saint Name

Saints, name wholly or largely lost : S01744

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

600

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

600

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Ölüdeniz (Lycia, south Asia Minor)

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Ölüdeniz (Lycia south Asia Minor) Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Gates, bridges and roads

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Vow

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Children Other lay individuals/ people

Source

Inscribed rock near a road that runs from the northern shore of Karacaören Island (near Ölüdeniz, Lycia, south Asia Minor) to a local basilica.

Discussion

The identity of the saint mentioned in lines 4-5 is disputable. Tomoyuki Masuda suggests that she was the patron of the basilica and that the road was called after the sanctuary. He opts for Saint Eutychia, as bishop Eutychianos is mentioned in a painted inscription in Church II on nearby Gemiler Island (see: SEG 48, 1723 and E00848), but this is pure speculation. Another similar rock-cut inscription was preserved near the road leading from the port on the eastern side of the island to the basilica, but it does not mention any saints. It reads: + Στέφανος μα[. . .]θουλα ἐποίησεν τὴ͜ν | [ὁδὸν? εἰς ἀ]νάπαυσιν Τατια|νῆ(ς) τ͜ῆ͜ς μακαρίας +: '+ Stephanos MA[- - -]THOULA built the [road(?) for] the repose of the blessed (= deceased) Tatiane +' (see SEG 48, 1733). For a similar inscription from Rhodes (the Aegean Islands), probably with an invocation by an artisan constructing a road, see: E01227.

Bibliography

Edition: Masuda, T., "Greek inscriptions in the Ölüdeniz-Gemiler Ada Bay area", in: S. Tsuji, The Survey of Early Byzantine Sites in Ölüdeniz Area (Lycia, Turkey). The First Preliminary Report (Memoirs of the Faculty of Letters, Osaka University 35, Osaka: Osaka University, 1995), 124-126 with comments in SEG 48, 1735. Further Reading: Masuda, T., "Three Byzantine inscriptions recently found in Lycia" [in Japanese], Orient 36/2 (1993), 170. Reference works: Chroniques d'épigraphie byzantine, 337. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 48, 1735.

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