Saint NameArchangels (unspecified) : S00191
Saint Name in Sourceἀ]ρχ(αγγελ- ?)
Image Caption 1Fragment D with the abbreviated word 'archangel'; from: I.Aph2007 1.14.
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after600
Activity not before400
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcAphrodisias
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Aphrodisias
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceSix fragments of a blue-grey crowning feature of a marble balustrade (probably a chancel screen), found in Aphrodisias (Caria, west Asia Minor), at the Temple/Church site (the cathedral church). All fragments are of equal height (0.135 m) and thickness 0.21 m. Width varies from 0.25 m to 0.65 m.
Charlotte Roueché says that "several similar fragments, uninscribed, are to be found, re-used as coursing in the wall and reinforced with re-used statue bases, along the north side of the chancel. That wall appears to be part of the middle Byzantine remodelling of the area. It is likely that the rim fragments re-used in it, and those bearing these texts originally crowned a chancel barrier of the type normal in the early Byzantine period — probably coming to waist-height — which was dismantled to permit creation of the later screen." (see ala2004, ch. VII.10)
DiscussionThe recorded fragments of the inscription indicate that the chancel screen could have been funded by a certain Anastasios, making a vow on behalf of himself and his household. One of the fragments (D) bears a passage that can be understood as an invocation of an *archangel: [- - - ἀ]ρχ(αγγελ- ?) vacat εὐ̣χ̣ὴ̣ν [- - -]. One must, however, remember that only two letters of the word 'archangel' are extant and other interpretations are also possible.
The reading of Anastasios' name in the passage preserved on fragment C is disputable. The letters AN may stand for a dedicatory formula ἀν[έθηκε. Anastasios' household need not be mentioned in this line either, but a church or a chapel (for instance, εὐκτηρί]ῳ οἴκῳ is possible).
IAph2007 1.14. http://insaph.kcl.ac.uk/iaph2007/iAph010014.html
Roueché, Ch. (ed.), Aphrodisias in Late Antiquity. The Late Roman and Byzantine Inscriptions including Texts from the Excavations at Aphrodisias conducted by Kenan T. Erim (Journal of Roman Studies Monograph 5, London: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, 1989), no. 94.
Roueché, Ch., Aphrodisias in Late Antiquity,electronic second edition (London, 2004), ch. VII.10. http://insaph.kcl.ac.uk/ala2004/narrative/sec-VII.html