File(s) not publicly available

E00828: Greek inscription mentioning a cross of saint *Nicholas (probably the bishop of Myra under Constantine, S00520). Found in Mylasa (Caria, western Asia Minor), apparently late antique (5th-8th c.).

online resource
posted on 02.11.2015, 00:00 by pnowakowski
+ σταυρὸς τοῦ ἁγίου Νικολάου
τοῦ ἀρ̣χ̣ιάστρου

'Cross of Saint Nicholas the 'lord of stars' (?) (or: the 'arch-physician'?).'

Text: I. Mylasa, no. 628.

History

Evidence ID

E00828

Saint Name

Nicholas, bishop of Myra, southern Asia Minor, ob. 343 : S00520

Saint Name in Source

Νικόλαος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

800

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

800

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Mylasa

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Mylasa Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult Activities - Cult Related Objects

Crosses

Source

Marble plaque found in Mylasa (Caria, west Asia Minor) by Louis Robert. First published by François Halkin.

Discussion

The most interesting feature of this inscription is Nicholas' byname: ἀρχίαστρος. François Halkin says that this puzzling word resembles an epithet used for the pagan goddess Astarte and the Moon, e.g. ἀστροάρχη and ἀστράρχη which can be freely translated as the lady of stars. Saint Nicholas of Myra could be called so because he was considered as a patron of sailors, using stars to navigate. Another explanation is that the epithet was misspelt and it should be read as ἀρχιατρός, i.e. the great physician. The word ἀρχιατρός occurs in another late antique inscription from Mylasa (see I. Mylasa, no. 629) which is apparently a poorly preserved list of objects belonging to a local church. It is therefore possible that the church was dedicated to Saint Nicholas the 'Great Physician'. This text is, however, to be republished by Denis Feissel with a photograph by Louis Robert.

Bibliography

Edition: Die Inschriften von Mylasa, no. 628. Further Reading: Halkin, F., "Inscriptions grecques relatives à l'hagiographie, IX, Asie Mineure", Analecta Bollandiana 71 (1953), 99. Reference works: Bulletin épigraphique (1954), 26.

Usage metrics

Categories

Keywords

Licence

Exports