Saint NameMary, Mother of Christ : S00033
Saint Name in SourceΘεοτόκος
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements
Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before500
Evidence not after1300
Activity not before500
Activity not after1300
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcEphesus
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Ephesus
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsBequests, donations, gifts and offerings
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesEcclesiastics - lesser clergy
Ecclesiastics - monks/nuns/hermits
Cult Activities - Cult Related ObjectsOther
SourceDedicatory inscription on a small stone basin found in the church of *John the Evangelist in Ephesos (western Asia Minor). Dimensions of basin: H. 0.22 m; upper diameter 0.48 m.
DiscussionThe inscription indicates that this basin in the church of *John the Evangelist was offered to the sanctuary by a certain Kosmas - a monk and priest of the church of *Mary, called 'the one of the Antonianae'. Its purpose is not stated; but it was presumably liturgical.
Kosmas is called αχος which was understood by the editors of I. Ephesos as an abbreviation for 'archdeacon' or 'of Christ' but in fact alpha can often stand for the word μόνος. Therefore solving the abbreviation as μοναχός is much more convincing (see PCBE 3, Kosmas 2).
The name Antonianae is otherwise unattested. It may denote an urban district in late antique Ephesos or a guild, or, which is the most probable option, an estate similar to that of Rufinianae situated near Chalcedon (as suggested by Denis Feissel in a letter dated 17.09.2016).
The inscription can be dated to the 6th/7th or a later period, based on the occurrence of the peculiar abbreviation of the term μοναχός.
Die Inschriften von Ephesos, no. 1291.
Destephen, S., Prosopographie du Diocese d'Asie (325-641) (Prosopographie chrétienne du Bas-Empire 3, Paris: Association des amis du centre d'histoire et civilisation de Byzance, 2008), Kosmas 2.
Destephen, S., 'Quatre études sur le monachisme asianique (IVe-VIIe siècle)', Journal des savants (2010), 202.