Saint NameMichael, the Archangel : S00181
Saint Name in Sourceἀρχιστράτηγος, στράτηγος τῶν ἀγγγέλων
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Graffiti
Archaeological and architectural - Cult buildings (churches, mausolea)
Evidence not before500
Evidence not after800
Activity not before500
Activity not after800
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcEphesus
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Ephesus
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceOne of numerous graffiti scratched in plaster on the eastern wall of the southern nave in the church of *Mary in Ephesos. Letter height 0.018-0.025 m.
DiscussionThe inscription is an invocation of *Michael the Archangel by an otherwise unknown Ioannes. The archangel is called with his two usual by-names, ἀρχιστάτηγος (commander-in-chief) and στράτηγος τῶν ἀγγέλων (captain of the angels), that derive from the function he plays in the Heavenly Host.
This kind of inscription is undatable but it is unlikely to occur before the 6th c.
Die Inschriften von Ephesos, no. 4145.
Keil, J., Reisch, E., Knoll, F. (eds.), Forschungen in Ephesos, vol. 4/1: Die Marienkirche in Ephesos (Vienna: Selbstverlag des ÖAI Wien, 1932), no. 45.