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E00728: Greek inscription on the capital of a column found near Magnesia ad Sipylum (province of Asia, western Asia Minor) with names of *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023) and *Bakchos (soldier and martyr of Barbalissos, S00079). Probably late antique (5th-8th c.).

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posted on 22.09.2015, 00:00 by pnowakowski
Σεργίου καὶ Βάκχ[ου]

'Of Sergios and Bakchos.'

Text: TAM V/2, no. 1394.

History

Evidence ID

E00728

Saint Name

Sergios, martyr in Syria, ob. 303-311 : S00023 Bakchos, martyr in Barbalissos (Syria), ob. c. 303-311 : S00079

Saint Name in Source

Σέργιος Βάκχος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

800

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

800

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Manisa

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Manisa Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Source

The capital was reused in the wall of the mosque Hatuniye Cami in Manisa (near the site of the ancient Magnesia ad Sipylum). Joseph Keil and Anton von Premerstein found it in 1906; later seen by Fritz Gschnitzer in 1954 and 1955. H. 0.275 m W. 0.59 m

Discussion

The names of saints are mentioned in the genitive case which indicates that they were patrons of the building, probably a church, owning the discussed column.

Bibliography

Edition: Tituli Asiae Minoris V/2 1394 Further Reading: Destephen, S., "Martyrs locaux et cultes civiques en Asie Mineure", in: J.C. Caillet, S. Destephen, B. Dumézil, H. Inglebert, Des dieux civiques aux saints patrons (IVe-VIIe siècle) (Paris: éditions A. & J. Picard, 2015), 87. Reference works: Chroniques d'épigraphie byzantine, 256

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