Saint NameDaniel the Stylite, ob. 493 : S00342
Symeon the Stylite, monk in Syria, ob. 459 : S00343
Saint Name in SourceΔανιήλ
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Literary - Poems
Evidence not before493
Evidence not after1000
Activity not before493
Activity not after1000
Place of Evidence - RegionConstantinople and region
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcAnaplous
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Anaplous
Major author/Major anonymous workGreek Anthology
Cult activities - PlacesOther (mountain, wood, tree, pillar)
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsComposing and translating saint-related texts
Cult activities - Rejection, Condemnation, ScepticismConsiderations about the hierarchy of saints
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesAristocrats
SourceThe Greek Anthology is a collection of Greek epigrams from dating from the Archaic period to the 9th century AD. It was initially compiled by Meleager of Megara (100-90 BC), whose collection was edited and expanded by Philip of Thessalonica (under Nero), Agathias of Myrina (AD 567/8) and finally by Konstantinos Kephalas (c. AD 900).
The word epigram literally means an inscription. Although most Greek inscriptions were in prose, the word came to be specifically connected to those written in verse, and eventually to include poetic texts which were not necessarily inscribed. From the earliest period of Greek literature, epigrams were mostly sepulchral or dedicatory: they either memorialised the dead or marked the dedication of an object to a god.
Book 1 of the Greek Anthology contains Christian epigrams from Late Antiquity to the 9th century. It was compiled c. 880-900, containing a considerable number of poems copied directly from monuments. The scholar responsible for the transcriptions may have been Gregorios Magistros, a colleague of Kephalas. Epigrams 1-17 and possibly others were taken down from inscriptions at Constantinople and two of them, namely No. 1 (inscription from the bema arch of St. Sophia) and No. 10 (inscription from the church of St. Polyeuktos) have been found in situ, thus confirming the accuracy of the entries in the Anthology.
DiscussionThis epigram offers concise praise of Daniel the Stylite, referring to his two pillars in the Anaplous (modern Arnavutköy-Bebek) on the European coast of the Bosphorus. The author of the text is probably Kyros (Cyrus) of Panopolis, who held a series of high offices (Urban Prefect of Constantinople, Praetorian Prefect, and consul) under Theodosius II (Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire II, 'Cyrus 7'). Kyros was famous as a learned man and poet.
According to Daniel’s Life (E04560), Kyros and he became friends when the saint freed Kyros' daughter from an evil spirit, before he became a stylite. This epigram was probably composed during Daniel’s lifetime, providing an interesting testimony for this holy man’s close relationship with the elite of the East Roman capital. Conversely, it also attests the interest of the Constantinopolitan elite in monastic figures during the 5th century. It was included in Daniel’s Life.
BibliographyEdition and Translation:
Paton, W.R., rev. Tueller, M.A., The Greek Anthology, Books 1-5, 2nd ed. (Loeb Classical Library; London, Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 2014).
Beckby, H., Anthologia Graeca (Munich: Ernst Heimeran Verlag, 1957).
Conca, F., Marzi, M., and Zanetto, G., Antologia Palatina. 3 vols. Vol. 1 (Classici Greci; Turin: Unione Tipografico-Editrice Torinese, 2005).
Waltz, P., Anthologie Grecque (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1928).
Further reading on the Greek Anthology:
Cameron, A., The Greek Anthology: From Meleager to Planudes (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).
Callot, O., "À propos de quelques colonnes de stylites syriens", in: R. Étienne, M.-T. Le Dinahet, M. Yon (eds.), Architecture et poésie dans le monde grec. Hommages à Georges Roux (Lyon: Maison de l'Orient; Paris: Diffusion de Boccard, 1989), 107-122.