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E00390: Eusebius' Martyrs of Palestine includes the story of the martyrdom of *Ares, Promos and Elias (Egyptian martyrs of Ascalon, S00196). Written in 311 in Caesarea (Palestine); written in Greek, but parts of the text survive only in Syriac.

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posted on 14.04.2015, 00:00 by pnowakowski
Eusebius of Caesarea, Martyrs of Palestine, 10.1

Summary:
On 14 December 309, a group of Christians travelling from Egypt to Cilicia with the purpose of ministering to the local confessors were detained in the city of Ascalon. After they were brought to the court of Firmilianus, where they confessed to being Christians, most of them were subjected to mutilation. Three Christians from this group, however, were executed in Ascalon: Arēs by burning alive, and Promos and Ēlias by beheading by the sword.

Summary: Sergey Minov

History

Evidence ID

E00390

Saint Name

Arēs, Promos and Ēlias, martyrs in Palestine, ob. 309 : S00196

Saint Name in Source

Ἄρης, Πρόμος, Ἠλίας

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Accounts of martyrdom

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

311

Evidence not after

340

Activity not before

309

Activity not after

340

Place of Evidence - Region

Palestine with Sinai

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Caesarea Maritima

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Caesarea Maritima Caesarea Maritima Καισάρεια Kaisareia Caesarea Kayseri Turris Stratonis

Major author/Major anonymous work

Eusebius of Caesarea

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Composing and translating saint-related texts

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Officials

Source

In this work Eusebius presents an account of the suffering and death of Christian martyrs executed during the eight years of the Diocletianic (or Great) persecution, i.e. 303-311. Most of the martyrdoms described by Eusebius took place in Palestine, with the provincial capital city of Caesarea as the most prominent setting. Martyrdom of *Arēs, Promos and Ēlias: ed. Cureton 1861, pp. 36*-37* (long recension); ed. Schwartz et al. 1999, vol. 2, p. 930 (short recension); English trans. Lawlor and Oulton 1927-1928, vol. 1, pp. 376-377. For a full discussion of Martyrs of Palestine, see $E00294.

Discussion

This entry, typical of Eusebius' description of the martyrs of Palestine, consists of a brief account of execution, with no reference to miraculous events. Although there is no explicit reference to the martyrs' commemoration, the record of their death by Eusebius might suggest that they were commemorated in Caesarea.

Bibliography

Editions and translations: Cureton, W. (ed.), History of the Martyrs in Palestine, by Eusebius, Bishop in Caesarea, Discovered in a Very Ancient Syriac Manuscript (London / Edinburgh: Williams and Norgate / Paris: C. Borrani, 1861). Lawlor, H.J., and Oulton, J.E.L. (trans.), The Ecclesiastical History and the Martyrs of Palestine. 2 vols (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1927-1928). Schwartz, E., Mommsen, T., and Winkelmann, F. (eds.), Eusebius Werke, Band 2, Teil 2 (Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten Jahrhunderte NF 6/2; 2nd ed.; Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1999).

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