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E00329: Lamp from Egypt with Greek inscription (6th–7th c.) referring to *Onnophrios, Egyptian Anchorite, 4th c. (S00055), exact provenance unknown.

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posted on 04.03.2015, 00:00 by dlambert
αββα Ὀνούφριος ἀναχωρητής

'Abba Onnophrios, the anchorite'

Translation: Gesa Schenke

History

Evidence ID

E00329

Saint Name

Onnophrios, Egyptian Anchorite : S00055

Saint Name in Source

αββα Ὀνούφριος

Type of Evidence

Images and objects - Lamps, ampullae and tokens Inscriptions - Inscribed objects

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

500

Evidence not after

699

Activity not before

500

Activity not after

699

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Use of Images

  • Commissioning/producing an image

Cult Activities - Cult Related Objects

Oil lamps/candles

Source

A small lamp of unknown provenance, dated to 500–650, shows a figure and the Greek inscription (LampesMB 12033). The lamp is now housed in the Benaki Museum in Athens.

Discussion

Many lamps with inscriptions to saints were produced in Elephantine, so that this might be a possible provenance. See the moulds for such lamps with an inscription to Onnophrios (E00112).

Bibliography

Edition: Loverdou-Tsigarida, K., "Ἐνεπίγραφοι κοπτικοὶ λύχνοι τοῦ Μουσείου Μπενάκη," Δελτίον τῆς χριστιανικῆς ἀρχαιολογικῆς ἑταιρείας (1970–1972), 130–145. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum (SEG) 37 (1990), 1624–1632. Further reading: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 161–162.

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