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E00320: Eusebius' Martyrs of Palestine includes the story of the martyrdom of *Oulpianos from Tyre (martyr of Phoenicia, S00123). Written in 311 in Caesarea (Palestine); written in Greek, but parts of the text survive only in Syriac.

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posted on 24.02.2015, 00:00 by pnowakowski
Eusebius of Caesarea, Martyrs of Palestine, 5.1

Summary:
Attested only in the short recension of the Martyrs of Palestine, this brief account relates that a young man named Oulpianos, a native of Tyre, after undergoing severe tortures was sewn into an ox-skin, together with a dog and a venomous snake, and thrown into the sea. According to Eusebius, this martyrdom took place about the same time as that of *Apphianos from Lycia (S00159), in 306.

Summary: Sergey Minov
Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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Keywords

History

Evidence ID

E00320

Saint Name

Oulpianos from Tyre, martyr in Phoenicia, ob. 306 : S00123

Saint Name in Source

Οὐλπιανός

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Accounts of martyrdom

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

311

Evidence not after

340

Activity not before

306

Activity not after

340

Place of Evidence - Region

Palestine with Sinai

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Caesarea Maritima

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Caesarea Maritima Caesarea Maritima Καισάρεια Kaisareia Caesarea Kayseri Turris Stratonis

Major author/Major anonymous work

Eusebius of Caesarea

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Composing and translating saint-related texts

Source

In this work Eusebius presents an account of the suffering and death of Christian martyrs executed during the eight years of the Diocletianic (or Great) persecution, i.e. 303-311. Most of the martyrdoms described by Eusebius took place in Palestine, with the provincial capital city of Caesarea as the most prominent setting. Martyrdom of Oulpianos: ed. Schwartz et al. 1999, v. 2, pp. 918-19 (short recension); English trans. Lawlor and Oulton 1927-1928, v. 1, p. 352. For a full discussion of Martyrs of Palestine, see E00294.

Discussion

This entry, typical of Eusebius' description of the martyrs of Palestine, consists of a brief account of torture and death, with no reference to miraculous events. Although there is no explicit reference to the martyr's commemoration, the record of his death by Eusebius might suggest that he was commemorated in Caesarea.

Bibliography

Editions and translations: Lawlor, H.J., and Oulton, J.E.L. (trans.), The Ecclesiastical History and the Martyrs of Palestine. 2 vols (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1927-1928). Schwartz, E., Mommsen, T., and Winkelmann, F. (eds.), Eusebius Werke, Band 2, Teil 2 (Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten Jahrhunderte NF 6/2; 2nd ed.; Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1999).

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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