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E00305: Eusebius' Martyrs of Palestine includes the story of the martyrdom of *Adrianos and Euboulos from Batanaea (martyrs of Palestine, S00166). Written in 311 in Caesarea (Palestine); written in Greek, but parts of the text survive only in Syriac.

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posted on 16.02.2015, 00:00 by pnowakowski
Eusebius of Caesarea, Martyrs of Palestine, 11.29-31

Summary:
Soon after the execution of *Pamphilos of Caesarea (S00140), Adrianos and Euboulos, natives of Batanaea, arrived at the city of Caesarea. During their interrogation at the city's gates, they confessed that they were Christians. Detained at once, both were brought to the city's governor Firmilianus, who condemned them to be tortured and then to be thrown to the wild beasts. On 5 March 310, Adrianos, who was executed first, was thrown to a lion and, after being mauled by the animal, was beheaded by the sword. Afterwards, on March 7, Euboulos met the same end, after refusing to offer sacrifice to pagan gods.

Summary: Sergey Minov

History

Evidence ID

E00305

Saint Name

Adrianos and Euboulos, martyrs in Palestine, ob. 310 : S00166

Saint Name in Source

Ἀδριανός, Εὔβουλος

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Accounts of martyrdom

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

311

Evidence not after

340

Activity not before

310

Activity not after

340

Place of Evidence - Region

Palestine with Sinai

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Caesarea Maritima

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Caesarea Maritima Caesarea Maritima Καισάρεια Kaisareia Caesarea Kayseri Turris Stratonis

Major author/Major anonymous work

Eusebius of Caesarea

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Composing and translating saint-related texts

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Officials

Source

In this work Eusebius presents an account of the suffering and death of Christian martyrs executed during the eight years of the Diocletianic (or Great) persecution, i.e. 303-311. Most of the martyrdoms described by Eusebius took place in Palestine, with the provincial capital city of Caesarea as the most prominent setting. Martyrdom of Adrianos and Euboulos: ed. Cureton 1861, pp. 48*-49* (long recension); ed. Schwartz et al. 1999, vol. 2, pp. 945-946 (short recension); English trans. Lawlor and Oulton 1927-1928, vol. 1, pp. 393-394. For a full discussion of Martyrs of Palestine, see E00294.

Discussion

This entry, typical of Eusebius' description of the martyrs of Palestine, consists of a brief account of torture and death, with no reference to miraculous events. Although there is no explicit reference to the martyr's commemoration, the record of their death by Eusebius might suggest that they were commemorated in Caesarea.

Bibliography

Editions and translations: Cureton, W. (ed.), History of the Martyrs in Palestine, by Eusebius, Bishop in Caesarea, Discovered in a Very Ancient Syriac Manuscript (London / Edinburgh: Williams and Norgate / Paris: C. Borrani, 1861). Lawlor, H.J., and Oulton, J.E.L. (trans.), The Ecclesiastical History and the Martyrs of Palestine. 2 vols (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1927-1928). Schwartz, E., Mommsen, T., and Winkelmann, F. (eds.), Eusebius Werke, Band 2, Teil 2 (Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten Jahrhunderte NF 6/2; 2nd ed.; Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1999).

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