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E00238: Fragment of a Coptic will mentioning the monastery of Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080) at Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) as the beneficiary; datable to the 8th c.

online resource
posted on 18.12.2014, 00:00 by gschenke
O.CrumST 60

George, son of Pisrael, a resident of castron Jeme, lacking an heir makes this will handing his landed property over to the monastery.

Summary: Gesa Schenke


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier martyr of Preht (ob. c. 304) : S00080

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Will Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Djeme Hermonthis

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Djeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Hermonthis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - monks/nuns/hermits Other lay individuals/ people


Fragmentary papyrus document from Deir el-Bahari, only the beginning preserved, now housed at the British Museum in London.


The text breaks off as the testator begins to list his property. While the monastery of Phoibammon is the beneficiary of the will, it is most likely the saint himself for whose sake this bequest is made, in order to ensure his intercession when needed.


Edition: Crum, W.E., Short Texts from Coptic Ostraca and Papyri (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1921), 20 (O.CrumST 60). German translation: Till, W.C., Erbrechtliche Untersuchungen auf Grund der koptischen Urkunden (Vienna: In Kommission bei R.M. Rohrer, 1954), 222. Further reading: Godlewski, W., Deir el-Bahari V: Le monastère de St. Phoibammon (Warsaw: PWN, 1986). For a full range of the documentary evidence on Phoibammon: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 204–214.

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