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E00234: Two fragmentary Coptic documents addressed to the legal body (dikaion) of the monastery of Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080) at Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt), one undated, the other of either 767 or 782; one relating to two men donated to the topos of the saint.

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posted on 08.12.2014, 00:00 by gschenke
P.KRU 118
This preserves only the beginning of a document addressed to the legal body (dikaion) of the monastery of Apa Phoibammon. Two men from the district of Hermonthis are producing this written agreement of unknown nature,which might very likely concern a donation of some kind.

P.KRU 121
In contrast, this papyrus preserves only the end of a document addressed to the monastery of Apa Phoibammon. It concerns the financial aspects of two men who have been donated to the saint's topos by the people of Jeme.

Summary: Gesa Schenke

History

Evidence ID

E00234

Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier martyr of Preht (ob. c. 304) : S00080

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛ, ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲓⲃⲁⲙⲟⲛ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Donation document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

700

Evidence not after

799

Activity not before

700

Activity not after

799

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Hermonthis Djeme

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermonthis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Djeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings

Source

P.KRU 118 is a fragmentary papyrus document with only the beginning of the text preserved, housed at the Museum in Edinburgh as 'Papyrus Rhind I'. P.KRU 121 is a fragmentary papyrus document lacking the beginning, housed at the British Museum in London, number 93.

Discussion

Donations to the monastery of Apa*Phoibammon were made by the surrounding village communities, in order to ensure the saint’s benevolence towards their concerns and well-being.

Bibliography

Edition: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 350 and 353-354 (P. KRU 118 and 121). German Translations: Till, W.C., Die Koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna: H. Böhlaus, 1964), 196-198. Further reading: Biedenkopf-Ziehner, A., Koptische Schenkungsurkunden aus Thebais: Formeln und Topoi der Urkunden, Aussagen der Urkunden, Indices (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2001). Godlewski, W., Deir el-Bahari V: Le monastère de St. Phoibammon (Warsaw: PWN, 1986). For a full range of the documentary evidence on Phoibammon: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 204–214.

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