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E00233: Coptic will of Petros, head of the monastery of Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080) at Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt), of 4 December 634 or 3 May 645, regulating the future of the monastery and including a reference to the duty of celebrating the saint’s feast day.

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posted on 08.12.2014, 00:00 by gschenke
P.KRU 77

Apa Petros, the superior of the monastery of Apa Phoibammon, hands over all responsibilities to his successor, a man named Jacob mentioned later on in the document.

Amongst the rights and responsibilities mentioned are the celebration of the saint’s feast day as well as the commemoration of the former superiors who have died, including the present one, the testator of this testament. He expects a proper burial and a yearly remembrance on his name day.

Summary: Gesa Schenke

History

Evidence ID

E00233

Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier martyr of Preht (ob. c. 304) : S00080

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲃⲃⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Will Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

634

Evidence not after

645

Activity not before

634

Activity not after

645

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Deir el-Bahari Djeme Hermonthis

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Deir el-Bahari Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Djeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Hermonthis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings

Source

Fragmentary papyrus document, beginning missing, overall slightly damaged, privately owned in Lyon.

Discussion

The date provided at the end of the document, 3 May 645, differs from that given in the beginning, 4 December 634, which might indicate that changes have been made and added to the testament within the period of those years.

Bibliography

Edition: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 252 (P. KRU 77). German Translation: Till, W.C., Die Koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna: H. Böhlaus, 1964), 144-148. Further reading: Biedenkopf-Ziehner, A., Koptische Schenkungsurkunden aus Thebais: Formeln und Topoi der Urkunden, Aussagen der Urkunden, Indices (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2001). Godlewski, W., Deir el-Bahari V: Le monastère de St. Phoibammon (Warsaw: PWN, 1986). For a full range of the documentary evidence on Phoibammon: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 204–214.

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