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E00228: Coptic document of the 7th c., certifying the ownership of the territory of the monastery (topos) of Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, 00080), at Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt).

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posted on 08.12.2014, 00:00 by gschenke
P.KRU 105

The ownership of the temple land of the former mortuary temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari is formally placed into the hands of the monastery of Apa Phoibammon which had already occupied the space for some time.

Summary: Gesa Schenke

History

Evidence ID

E00228

Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier martyr of Preht (ob. c. 304) : S00080

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Papyri

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

600

Evidence not after

699

Activity not before

600

Activity not after

699

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings

Source

Fragmentary document, beginning missing.

Discussion

Around 590, under the Patriarch Damian (578–607), the foundation of the new Phoibammon monastery was sanctioned, after the old one further south west had been damaged by falling rocks. A number of monks then moved from the old to the new location provided on the territory of the former mortuary temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari. In this document, the territory provided provisionally for the monastery is now formally and permanently handed over to the ownership of the monastery of Apa Phoibammon.

Bibliography

Edition: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 323-325 (P. KRU 105). German Translation: Till, W.C., Die Koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna: H. Böhlaus, 1964). Further reading: Biedenkopf-Ziehner, A., Koptische Schenkungsurkunden aus Thebais: Formeln und Topoi der Urkunden, Aussagen der Urkunden, Indices (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2001). Godlewski, W., Deir el-Bahari V: Le monastère de St. Phoibammon (Warsaw: PWN, 1986). For a full range of the documentary evidence on Phoibammon: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 204–214.

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