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E00207: Greek petition from Aphrodito (Upper Egypt) of the year 547, including the signature of a presbyter of (the church of) *Menas (soldier and martyr buried at Abu Mena, S00073).

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posted on 18.11.2014, 00:00 by Bryan
P.Cair.Masp. 3.67283

A petition of the year 547 (before Nov. 10), from the inhabitants of Aphrodito to the empress Theodora concerning intrigues of the pagarch of Antaiopolis, written most likely by Dioskoros of Aphrodito and signed by many renowned people of the area, among them in line 7 of page 2:

☧ Βίκτωρ πρησβ(ύτερος) [ἐ]λ̣εεινὸς τοῦ ἁ[γ]ίου ἄπα Μηνᾶ μάρτυρος κώμης Ἀφροδίτης

'Viktor, the wretched presbyter of the holy Apa Mena the martyr of the village of Aphrodito'

Full text available under: http://papyri.info/ddbdp/p.cair.masp;3;67283

Translation: Gesa Schenke

History

Evidence ID

E00207

Saint Name

Menas, soldier and martyr Abu Mena : S00073

Saint Name in Source

ἄπα Μηνᾶς

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Papyri

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

547

Evidence not after

547

Activity not before

547

Activity not after

547

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Aphrodito

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Aphrodito Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy

Source

Papyrus document of three pages, located at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, number 40455.

Discussion

It is not entirely clear whether the presbyter mentioned is of a church or a monastery, but since the document seems to be signed by the inhabitants from within the village, a church is more likely.

Bibliography

Edition: Maspero, J., Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes du Musée du Caire. Papyrus grecs d’ époque byzantine, 3 vols (Cairo: Institut français d'archéologie orientale, 1911–1916). = P.Cair.Masp. For a full range of the documentary evidence on Menas: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 146–154.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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